This specialized referendum has two purposes. Without R-60, we have very little oversight of the Supreme Court. Just as the average American can be biased, Supreme Court judges can be biased. Nominating and confirming judges to the Supreme Court can be and sometimes is a partisan exercise. The connection between the will of the people and the potentially biased rulings of the Supreme Court has not been well established in recent years. Ultimately, oversight over the Supreme Court will likely be the main reason for an R-60 referendum vote.
History has shown that an Article V convention has almost been held on several occasions. The only reason that is has not been held is that Congress, as it became aware of the sentiments of the people, has chosen to take up the issue. This negated any reason to hold the A-5 convention. The momentum of the proposed A-5 convention effectively caused Congress to take action.
Passage of R-60 is likely to have a similar effect on Congress for most issues. If Congress believes that a majority of Americans favor passage of a new law, it is likely to take up the issue in order to prevent a potential backlash from voters. If the R-60 referendum passes and Congress had the chance but did not take up the issue, voters will see that Congress failed its duty to act and this may create negative consequences at the polls. Momentum toward an R-60 vote is likely to cause Congress to act.
The manner of Initiation of an R-60 ballot proposal is important to the process. If it is initiated by obtaining enough signatures, then the process is akin to direct democracy. Many oppose direct democracy because it may bring out the passions of the people rather than careful logic and reasoning.
Initiating an R-60 ballot proposal by a vote of an appropriate number of state legislatures eliminates much of the passion and deflects the potentially negative aspects of direct democracy.